Evidence of anoxic layers in the Central Tyrrhenian Sea between 29 and 4.2 ka.

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Valerio Ruscito
Luisa Conforto
Luigia Manfra
Maria Preite Martinez


Heavy metals are analyzed in a continuous sediment record spanning from 29 to 4.2 ka BP, investigated in previous works by isotopic and micropaleontological studies supported by radiocarbon dates. In this study Fe, Mn, and Pb show significant correlations with paleoenvironmental changes. Pb proved to be a powerful proxy in paleoenvironmental reconstructions, being greatly enhanced during strong anoxia phases and showing conservative behaviour not influenced by post depositional diagenesis. Ombrone proxies suggest the formation of two reducing phases, the first during the Last Glacial Period at about 27.2 ka BP and the second during the Holocene, highlighting the presence of a reducing layer in the West Mediterranean between 7.4 and 5.2 ka BP, with a climax between 6.8 and 5.7 ka BP. In this period, enhanced river runoff reduced sea surface salinity, increasing the flux of continental organic matter into the basin with the formation of an anoxic environment. The presence of this reducing layer agrees with evidence of a “pluvial” period recognized by other Authors in the West-Central Mediterranean, partially synchronous with the Sapropel S1 formation in the East, suggesting its regional character, extending to the whole Mediterranean Basin.

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How to Cite
Ruscito, Valerio, Luisa Conforto, Luigia Manfra, and Maria Preite Martinez , trans. 2024. “Evidence of Anoxic Layers in the Central Tyrrhenian Sea Between 29 and 4.2 Ka”. Alpine and Mediterranean Quaternary 37 (1): 67-82. https://doi.org/10.26382/AMQ.2024.04.